The creation of hyphen status within American Literature can be seen as a strategy for resisting the subsuming of all English-language literatures into part of the hegemonic group and post-colonial resentment on the part of the oppressed. This alone should make us view hyphen status with caution because it represents a collusion between critic and writer and it is, furthermore, a collusion which plays into the marketing strategies of publishing houses. ( Kaye , 60)


The idea that the hyphenated status is a creation allowing minority groups a place where their work can be evaluated objectively is an important factor in analyzing Latino literature. Kaye questions the legitimacy of the field of Latino literature on the basis of its existence stemming from a power struggle between mainstream literature and minority literature. The language similarities show that there is still bias towards the group descending from the colonizing force due to the predominance of hyphenated literature written in English. Hegemony exists, creating a rift between the descendants of the colonial oppressor and the groups who have only recently began to be recognized by the mainstream as valid. The groups are diametrically opposed to each other in their interests but appear to bring about coalition building. This quest from validity by the minority is a product of colonialism. Kaye states that hyphenated identity is a conspiracy. This suggests that one can consider hyphenated identities as illegitimate due to the assimilation required to obtain this hyphenated status.

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